Trinity R14.0.12 ya fue liberado y llega con mayor soporte

Trinity Desktop

Se ha lanzado el entorno de escritorio Trinity R14.0.12, continuando el desarrollo del código base KDE 3.5.x y Qt 3. Para quienes desconocen de Trinity, deben saber que este es un entorno de escritorio que presenta sus propias herramientas para administrar los parámetros de la pantalla, una capa basada en udev para trabajar con el equipo, una nueva interfaz para configurar el equipo, una transición al administrador compuesto Compton-TDE (una bifurcación de Compton con extensiones TDE), un configurador de red mejorado y mecanismos de autenticación de usuarios.

El entorno Trinity se puede instalar y utilizar al mismo tiempo que las versiones más actuales de KDE, incluida la capacidad de utilizar aplicaciones KDE ya instaladas en el sistema en Trinity. También existen herramientas para la correcta visualización de la interfaz de los programas GTK sin romper el estilo de diseño uniforme.

Principales novedades de Trinity R14.0.12

En esta nueva versión que se presenta del entorno se destaca el soporte implementado para PolicyKit, ademas de que se agregó el servicio Polkit-agent-tde DBus que proporciona un agente de autenticación para Polkit utilizado para autenticar una sesión de usuario en Trinity. Para los desarrolladores de aplicaciones se ha preparado la librería Polkit-tqt, que permite utilizar la API de PolicyKit a través de una interfaz estilo TQt.

Otro de los cambios que se destaca, es que se ha agregado un componente tdemarkdown con una implementación de un visor de documentos Markdown integrado en una aplicación amiga. Se mejoró el emulador de terminal Konsole, se agregó una opción para controlar la transparencia y Quanta, un entorno integrado para el desarrollo web, ahora es compatible con HTML 5.

De los demás cambios que se destacan de esta nueva versión:

  • El editor visual VPL (Visual Page Layout) agrega soporte para caracteres complejos (por ejemplo, con acentos) y teclas silenciosas.
  • Se agregó soporte para certificados Let’s Encrypt a KSSL.
  • Kxkb implementa un fondo transparente para la etiqueta en la bandeja del sistema.
  • Sip4-tqt ha agregado soporte inicial para Python 3.
  • Mejora de la comunicación entre tdm y plymouth.
  • Tdebase ha agregado un backend dispwin (basado en el sistema de administración de color Argyll ) para instalar perfiles ICC.
  • Transferencia continua de paquetes al sistema de compilación CMake. Los requisitos mínimos de la versión de
  • CMake se elevaron a 3.1. Algunos paquetes han eliminado el soporte para automake.
  • El código puede usar características del estándar C++11.
  • Se agregó soporte para Ubuntu 22.04.
  • Soporte mejorado para Gentoo Linux.
  • Finalizó el soporte para Debian 8.0 y Ubuntu 14.04.

Finalmente si estás interesado en conocer más al respecto sobre esta nueva versión, puedes consultar los detalles en el siguiente enlace.

¿Cómo instalar Trinity desktop en Linux?

Para quienes estén interesados en poder instalar este entorno de escritorio en sus sistemas, pueden seguir las instrucciones que compartimos a continuación.

Para quienes sean usuarios de Ubuntu, Linux Mint o cualquier derivado de estos, lo primero que vamos a hacer es añadir el repositorio del entorno a nuestro sistema, por lo que para ello vamos a abrir una terminal en el sistema y vamos a teclear lo siguiente:

echo "deb http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/deb/trinity-r14.0.x $(lsb_release -sc) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trinity.list
echo "deb http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/deb/trinity-builddeps-r14.0.x $(lsb_release -sc) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trinity-builddeps.list

Ya añadido el repositorio al sistema, en acto seguido vamos a descargar e importar al sistema la llave publica con el siguiente comando:

wget http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/deb/trinity-keyring.deb
sudo dpkg -i trinity-keyring.deb

Después de ello vamos a proceder a actualizar nuestro listado de paquetes y repositorios con:

sudo apt-get update

Finalmente vamos a realizar la instalación del entorno en nuestro sistema con:

sudo apt-get install kubuntu-default-settings-trinity kubuntu-desktop-trinity

Ahora, para quienes sean usuarios de openSUSE leap 15.1, pueden instalar el entorno ejecutando los siguientes comandos:

rpm --import http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/trinity/rpm/opensuse15.1/RPM-GPG-KEY-trinity
zypper ar http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/trinity/rpm/opensuse15.1/trinity-r14/RPMS/x86_64 trinity
zypper ar http://mirror.ppa.trinitydesktop.org/trinity/trinity/rpm/opensuse15.1/trinity-r14/RPMS/noarch trinity-noarch

zypper refresh
zypper install trinity-desktop

Mientras que para quienes sean usuarios de Arch Linux o algun derivado, pueden compilar el entorno siguiendo las instrucciones de este enlace o añadir el siguiente repositorio a su archivo pacman.conf

[trinity]
Server = https://repo.nasutek.com/arch/contrib/trinity/x86_64

Actualizan e instalan con:

sudo pacman -Syu
sudo pacman -S trinity-desktop

Para el resto de las distribuciones de Linux, pueden seguir las instrucciones que se comparten en el sitio web oficial del entorno.

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Russia to Rent Tech-Savvy Prisoners to Corporate IT?

Image: Proxima Studios, via Shutterstock.

Faced with a brain drain of smart people fleeing the country following its invasion of Ukraine, the Russian Federation is floating a new strategy to address a worsening shortage of qualified information technology experts: Forcing tech-savvy people within the nation’s prison population to perform low-cost IT work for domestic companies.

Multiple Russian news outlets published stories on April 27 saying the Russian Federal Penitentiary Service had announced a plan to recruit IT specialists from Russian prisons to work remotely for domestic commercial companies.

Russians sentenced to forced labor will serve out their time at one of many correctional centers across dozens of Russian regions, usually at the center that is closest to their hometown. Alexander Khabarov, deputy head of Russia’s penitentiary service, said his agency had received proposals from businessmen in different regions to involve IT specialists serving sentences in correctional centers to work remotely for commercial companies.

Khabarov told Russian media outlets that under the proposal people with IT skills at these facilities would labor only in IT-related roles, but would not be limited to working with companies in their own region.

“We are approached with this initiative in a number of territories, in a number of subjects by entrepreneurs who work in this area,” Khabarov told Russian state media organization TASS. “We are only at the initial stage. If this is in demand, and this is most likely in demand, we think that we will not force specialists in this field to work in some other industries.”

According to Russian media site Lenta.ru, since March 21 nearly 95,000 vacancies in IT have remained unfilled in Russia. Lenta says the number unfilled job slots actually shrank 25 percent from the previous month, officially because “many Russian companies are currently reviewing their plans and budgets, and some projects have been postponed.” The story fails to even mention the recent economic sanctions that are currently affecting many Russian companies thanks to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in late February.

The Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC) estimated recently that between 70,000 and 100,000 people will leave Russia as part of the second wave of emigration of IT specialists from Russia. “The study also notes that the number of IT people who want to leave Russia is growing. Experts consider the USA, Germany, Georgia, Cyprus and Canada to be the most attractive countries for moving,” Lenta reported of the RAEC survey.

It’s not clear how many “IT specialists” are currently serving prison time in Russia, or precisely what that might mean in terms of an inmate’s IT skills and knowledge. According to the BCC, about half of the world’s prison population is held in the United States, Russia or China. The BCC says Russia currently houses nearly 875,000 inmates, or about 615 inmates for every 100,000 citizens. The United States has an even higher incarceration rate (737/100,000), but also a far larger total prison population of nearly 2.2 million.

Sergei Boyarsky, deputy chairman of the Russian Duma’s Committee on Information Policy, said the idea was worth pursuing if indeed there are a significant number of IT specialists who are already incarcerated in Russia.

“I know that we have a need in general for IT specialists, this is a growing market,” said Boyarsky, who was among the Russian leaders sanctioned by the United States Treasury on Marc. 24, 2022 in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Boyarsky is head of the St. Petersburg branch of United Russia, a strongly pro-Putin political party that holds more than 70 percent of the seats in the Russian State Duma.

“Since they still work there, it would probably be right to give people with a profession that allows them to work remotely not to lose their qualifications,” Boyarsky was quoted as saying of potentially qualified inmates. “At a minimum, this proposal is worth attention and discussion if there are a lot of such specialists.”

According to Russia’s penitentiary service, the average salary of those sentenced to forced labor is about 20,000 rubles per month, or approximately USD $281. Russian news outlet RBC reports that businesses started using prison labor after the possibility of creating correctional centers in organizations appeared in 2020. RBC notes that Russia now has 117 such centers across 76 Russian regions.

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